Histopathology and Cytopathology
Histopathology refers to the microscopic examination of tissues in order to study the manifestations of diseases. Histology, which is the study of tissues and organs through the examination of the microscopical architecture of tissues and the relationship between the different types found within tissues and organs. Diseases such as inflammatory, benign abnormal growth, infections and cancer are diagnosed by this method.
Cytopathology is the study of cellular disease and the use of cellular changes for the diagnosis of disease. Cells related to the diseases are examined and analysed to diagnose medical conditions.
Cytogenetics is a branch of genetics that is concerned with the study of the structure and function of the cell, especially the chromosomes. It includes routine analysis of G-branded chromosomes, other cytogenetic banding techniques, as well as molecular cytogenetics such as fluorescent in situ hybridisation (FISH) and comparative genomic hybridisation (CGH).